INEQUITY IN EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT IN UGANDA: IMPLICATIONS FOR GOVERNMENT POLICY
This paper undertakes to set out a criterion that can be used to assess inequalities in a given national education system and also uses the prescribed criterion to discuss the extent of educational inequalities in the Ugandan education system. The paper adopts the Berne and Stiefel's (1984) framework to assess educational inequalities in an education system which analyses inequalities from three perspectives-horizontal, vertical and equal opportunity. Measures of dispersion and the Education Gini Coefficient were used to assess the different perspectives of inequality based on the Demographic Household Survey (DHS) data (2006). The findings reveal that on average, there have been significant improvements in educational equality indicators in the Ugandan education system. Nonetheless, empirical analyses indicate that access to education in Uganda is still dependent on ones sex, location, and asset index. There is therefore need to reengineer the current policy interventions to ensure equal access to education.
Berne, R. and Stiefel, L. (1984). The measurement of equity in school finance: Conceptual and methodological issues. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Colorado State University. (2010). Advantages and Disadvantages of the Survey Method: Colorado State University.
Duncombe, W. and Johnston, J. (Eds) (2004), The Impacts of School Finance Reform in Kansas: Equity Is In the Eye of the Beholder. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Government of Uganda. (1992). Government White Paper on the Education Policy Review Commission
Report. Kampala. Hirth, M. and Eiler, E. (2005). 'Horizontal and Vertical Equity Analysis of Indiana s 2001 Reward-for-Effort Formula'. Journal of Education Finance, 30 (4), 382-398.
Kakwani, N. (1986). Analyzing redistribution policies: a study using Australian data. Cambridge University Press.
Kasente, D. (2003). Gender and Education in Uganda: A Case Study for EFA Monitoring Report. Kampala: Makerere University.
Kasirye, I. (2009). Determinants of learning achievement in Uganda: ECONOMIC POLICY RESEARCH CENTRE Makerere University. Konow, J. (2003). 'Which is the fairest one of all?: A positive analysis of justice theories '. Journal of Economic literature, XLI, 1188-1239.
Le Grand, J. (1991). Equity and choice. London:Routledge.
Levacic, R., Jenkins, A., Vignoles, A., Allen, R. and Steele, F. (2005). Estimating the relationship between school resourcing and Pupil attainment at Key stage 3. In DfES (ed). London: Institute of Education-University of London.
Lockheed, M. E. and Hanushek, E. (1988). ' Improving educational efficiency in developing countries: what do we know?' Compare, 18 (1), 21-38.
Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1975). Selected works, 3, 13-30.
Matovu, F., Goodman, C., Wiseman, V. and William, M. (2009). 'How equitable is bed net ownership and utilisation in Tanzania? A practical application of the principles of horizontal and vertical equity'. Malaria Journal, 8 (1), 109.
Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development. (2008). Background to the National Budget. Kampala: MoFPED.
Monk, D. (1990). Equity in distribution of educational resources. Educational finance: An Economic approach. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Paquette, J. (2004). 'Interdivision Fiscal Equity in Saskatchewan, 1985-2000: An Analysis of Spending Equity and Wealth Neutrality'. Journal of Education Finance, 30 (2), 139-175.
Picus, L., Odden, and Fermanich, M. (2004). 'Assessing the Equity of Kentucky s SEEK Formula: A Year Analysis'. Journal of Education Finance, 29 (4), 315-336.
Stiefel, L. and Iatarola, P. (2003). 'Intradistrict equity of public education resources and Performance'. Economics of Education Review, 22, 69-78.
Thomas, V., Wang, Y. and Fan, X. (2001). Measuring education inequality:Gini coefficients. In W. bank (ed) (Vol. WPS2525). Washington: Worldbank.
Uganda Bureau of Statistics. (2002). Uganda DHS Data Survey, 2001: Education Data for Decision Making. Entebbe: UBOS.
Uganda Bureau of Statistics. (2006). Uganda DHS Data Survey. Kampala: UBOS. Uganda Bureau of Statistics. (2009). Statistical Abstract. Kampala: Ministry of Finance, Planning and
Economic Development. Vesely, R. and Crampton, F. (2004). 'An Assessment of Vertical Equity in Four States: Addressing Risk Factors in Education Funding Formulas'. Journal of Education Finance, 30, 111-122.
Walberg, H. J. (1994). Advances in educational productivity. methods and examples. Greenwich, Conn. ; London: JAI Press.
Xin and Wang, J. (2001). 'A Confirmatory Examination of Walberg's Model of Educational Productivity in Student Career Aspiration'. Educational Psychology, 21 (4), 443 - 453.
Zedelashvili, M. (2007). Analysis of equity in policy making of the Georgian public education system. Institute of Education, University of London, London.
Copyright (c) 2012 International Journal of Global Education (IJGE) ISSN: 2146-9296
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.